One of the largest cities in Europe, a home for 10 million people, Moscow managed to preserve great number of historical monuments as well as its old urban structure. Russians say that the history of Moscow is the history of the whole Russian country. In the night Moscow is especially beautiful. Enjoy the view of Kremlin towers, History Museum and Cathedral of St. Basil with colorful onion-shape domes. Visit the Sparrow Hills – the highest place of Moscow with breathtaking panorama of the capital.
The Moscow Kremlin is an outstanding monument of Russian history, enclosing an area of 70 acres. The walls are about half a mile long and up to 62 feet high and 21 feet thick, with 20 towers and gates. During the walking tour you will see the Cathedral Square, Belfry of Ivan the Terrible, Tsar Bell and Tsar Cannon and visit one of ancient cathedrals.
Visit the most precious gem of the Kremlin – the Armory, Treasury of Tsars. The collection consists of many precious gifts once presented to Russian Tsars by foreign monarchs and ambassadors as well as their thrones, clothes, beautifully carved gilded ceremonial carriages, Tsar’s regalia and ceremonial armor. You will also see many pieces of applied art and jewelry including famous Faberge works
The Diamond Fund of Kremlin is also woth seeing. It is not a large museum, but its collection is really unique. You will see the largest nuggets of silver, gold and platinum ever found in nature, differently shaped giants diamonds and brilliants followed by state-of-the-art collection of Imperial jewelry ending with Czar’s regalia covered with hundreds of diamonds.
Explore the famous Red Square by foot. Enter the square through the Iverskaya Gate near the small church of our Lady of Kazan, both ruined shortly after the Revolution and reconstructed in 2000. You will see the beautiful red-brick building of the History Museum, oldest department store GUM with a very long façade, the place of execution, ending with the famous St. Basil’s cathedral, perhaps the most eye-catching structure in Moscow.
The Moscow metro is not the oldest one in the world. However, the architectural style and fascinating marble decor of many stations deserved the name of the “Underground Palace”. The first line built in the 30-ies abounds with naïve revolutionary symbols and sculptures. The decoration of after-war lines built in the 50-ies is much more exuberant because it had to demonstrate the advantages of a new socialist society.
Visit Bunker “Tagansky” – one of the most secret military facilities of the former USSR – a Secured Command Post «Tagansky». Built deep under the ground in the residential area of Old Moscow in the 50-ies it was meant to be a shelter of the Chief Commander and the government in case of nuclear attack. It was removed from the secret list in the early 90-ies. During the tour through the secret tunnels, you will be shown samples of arming and communication equipment as well as a short movie about the history of the Cold War. The bravest of you can simulate a launch of nuclear missile.
Visit the Cathedral of Christ the Savior which has the most dramatic history reflecting the history of the whole country. Built in the course of 40 years and completed in 1883 the Cathedral commemorated the victory over Napoleon in 1812. Closed in 1917 after the Revolution it was blown up by the order of Stalin in 1931. A giant open-air swimming pool was built on its place in the 60-ies. A decision to rebuild the cathedral was taken in 1990. Restored to its full splendor in 2000, the Christ Cathedral has again become a dominating landmark of the Russian capital.
Not far from the cathedral you will see the giant statue of the first Russian Emperor – Peter the Great. The proportions of the monument can be compared with Rio’s Christ the Savior. The work of Georgian architect Tseretely, a close friend of Moscow’s mayor, for several years the monument has been a theme for constant jokes.
Visit the ancient Novodevichy Convent. The red and white fortified walls and golden domes of the convent make it one of Moscow’s most beautiful monasteries. It was founded by the Czar Vasily III in 1524. Many wives and widows of Russian Czars ended their lives here having handed over all their wealth to the monastery. The convent looks like the Kremlin in miniature. The cemetery, adjacent to the convent, is a very special place to visit – it has the graves of many famous people such as Chekhov and Bulgakov, Shostakovich and Scryabin, , Stalin’s wife and Khrushchev, Raisa Gorbatcheva and maestro Rostropovich among others.